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*Denotes student, fellow, or research assistant author

Ruger JP. “Health and Development,” Lancet, 2003; 362(9385): 678.

Ruger JP, Richter CJ*, and Lewis LM. “Association between Insurance Status and Admission Rate for Patients Evaluated in the Emergency Department,” Academic Emergency Medicine, 2003; 10(11): 1285-8.

Ruger JP. “Ethics of the Social Determinants of Health,” Lancet; 2004, 364(9439): 1092-7.

Ruger JP. “Health and Social Justice,” Lancet, 2004; 364(9439): 1075-80.

Ruger JP. “Millennium Development Goals for Health: Building Human Capabilities,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2004; 82(12): 951-2. (Invited Round Table with Jeffrey Sachs, William Savedoff, Guy Carrin, David Sanders)

Ruger JP, Richter CJ*, Spitznagel EL, and Lewis LM. “Analysis of Costs, Length of Stay, and Utilization of Emergency Department Services by Frequent Users: Implications for Health Policy,” Academic Emergency Medicine, 2004; 11(12): 1311-7. 

Ruger JP. “The Changing Role of the World Bank in Global Health,” American Journal of Public Health, 2005; 95(1): 60-70.

Ruger JP. “Democracy and Health,” Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 2005; 98(4): 299-304.

Ruger JP. “Global Tobacco Control: An Integrated Approach to Global Health Policy,” Development, 2005; 48(2): 65-9.

Ruger JP. “What Will the New World Bank Head Do for Global Health?” Lancet, 2005; 365(9474): 1837-40.

Ruger JP. “Ethics and Governance of Global Health Inequalities,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2006; 60(11): 998-1003.

Ruger JP. “Health, Capability, and Justice: Toward a New Paradigm of Health Ethics, Policy and Law,” Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, 2006; 15(2): 101-87.

Ruger JP. “Toward a Theory of a Right to Health: Capability and Incompletely Theorized Agreements,” Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities, 2006; 18(2): 273-326.

Ruger JP, and Kim H-J*. “Global Health Inequalities: An International Comparison,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2006; 60(11): 928-36.

Ruger JP, Richter CJ*, and Lewis LM. “Clinical and Economic Factors Associated with Ambulance Use to the Emergency Department,” Academic Emergency Medicine, 2006; 13(8): 879-85.

Ruger JP, and Kim H-J*. “Out-of-Pocket Healthcare Spending by the Poor and Chronically Ill in the Republic of Korea,” American Journal of Public Health, 2007; 97(5): 804-11.

Ruger JP. “Rethinking Equal Access: Agency, Quality and Norms,” Global Public Health, 2007; 2(1): 78-96.

Ruger JP. “Health, Health Care, and Incompletely Theorized Agreements: A Normative Theory of Health Policy Decision Making,” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 2007; 32(1): 51-87.

Ruger JP. “The Moral Foundations of Health Insurance,” Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 2007; 100(1): 53-7.

Ruger JP, Lewis LM, and Richter CJ*. “Identifying High-Risk Patients for Triage and Resource Allocation in the ED,” The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2007; 25(7): 794-8.

Ruger JP, and Kress D. “Health Financing and Insurance Reform in Morocco,” Health Affairs, 2007; 26(4): 1009-16.

Ruger JP. “Global Health Governance and the World Bank,” Lancet, 2007; 370(9597): 1471-4.

Ruger JP, and Emmons KM. “Economic Evaluations of Smoking Cessation and Relapse Prevention Programs for Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review,” Value in Health, 2008; 11(2): 180-90.

Ruger JP, Weinstein MC, Hammond SK, Kearney MH, and Emmons KM. “Cost-Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation and Relapse Prevention Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Value in Health, 2008; 11(2): 191-8.

Ruger JP. “Social Risk Management: Reducing Disparities in Risk, Vulnerability and Poverty Equitably,” Medicine and Law Journal, 2008; 27(1): 109-18.

Ruger JP. “Normative Foundations of Global Health Law,” Georgetown Law Journal, 2008; 96(2): 423-43.

Ruger JP. “Governing Health,” Harvard Law Review Forum, 2008; 121: 43-56.

Ruger JP. “Ethics in American Health 1: Ethical Approaches to Health Policy,” American Journal of Public Health, 2008; 98(10): 1751-6.

Ruger JP. “Ethics in American Health 2: An Ethical Framework for Health System Reform,” American Journal of Public Health, 2008; 98(10): 1756-63.

Kim H-J*, and Ruger JP. “Pharmaceutical Reform in South Korea and the Lessons It Provides,” Health Affairs, 2008; 27(4): w260-9.

Ruger JP, and Yach D. “The Global Role of the World Health Organization,” Global Health Governance, 2009; 2(2).

Ruger JP, Emmons KM, Kearney MH, and Weinstein MC. “Measuring the Costs of Outreach Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation and Relapse Prevention Among Low-Income Pregnant Women,” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2009; 9: 46. 

Ruger JP. “Global Health Justice,” Public Health Ethics, 2009; 2(3): 261-75.

Venkataramani AS*, Maughan-Brown B, Nattrass N, and Ruger JP. “Social Grants, Welfare, and the Incentive to Trade-Off Health for Income among Individuals on HAART in South Africa,” AIDS and Behavior, 2010; 14(6): 1393-400.

Ruger JP. “Health Capability: Conceptualization and Operationalization,” American Journal of Public Health, 2010; 100(1): 41-9.

Ruger JP, Abdallah AB, and Cottler L. “Costs of HIV Prevention Among-Out-of Treatment Drug-Using Women: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial,” Public Health Reports, 2010; 125(Suppl 1): 83-94.

Ruger JP. “Control of Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB): A Root Cause Analysis,” Global Health Governance, 2010; 3(2): 1-20.

Venkataramani AS*, Shanmugam KR, and Ruger JP. “Health, Technical Efficiency and Agricultural Production in Indian Districts,” Journal of Economic Development, 2010; 35(4): 1-23.

Ruger JP, and Ng NY. “Emerging and Transitioning Countries’ Role in Global Health,” Saint Louis University Journal of Health Law & Policy, 2010; 3: 253-89.

Kim H-J*, and Ruger JP. “Socioeconomic Disparities in Behavioral Risk Factors and Health Outcomes by Gender in the Republic of Korea,” BMC Public Health, 2010; 10: 195-214.

Wachira C*, and Ruger JP. “National Poverty Reduction Strategies and HIV/AIDS Governance in Malawi: A Preliminary Study of Shared Health Governance,” Social Science & Medicine, 2011; 72(12): 1956-64.

Baird JL*, Ma S, and Ruger JP. “Effects of the World Bank's Maternal and Child Health    Intervention on Indonesia’s Poor: Evaluating the Safe Motherhood Project,” Social Science & Medicine, 2011; 72(12): 1948-55.

Ruger JP. “Shared Health Governance,” American Journal of Bioethics, 2011; 11(7): 32-45.

Ng NY*, and Ruger JP. “Global Health Governance at a Crossroads,” Global Health Governance, 2011; 3(2): 1-37.

Ruger JP. “Fair Enough? Inviting Inequities in State Health Benefits,” New England Journal of Medicine, 2012; 366(8): 681-3.

Ruger JP. “Global Health Governance as Shared Health Governance,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2012; 66(7): 653-61.

Ruger JP, and Lazar CM*. “Economic Evaluation of Pharmaco- and Behavioral Therapies for Smoking Cessation: A Critical and Systematic Review of Empirical Research,” Annual Review of Public Health, 2012; 33: 279-305.

Ruger JP, Chawarski M, Mazlan M, Luekens C, Ng N, and Schottenfeld R. “Costs of Addressing Heroin Addiction in Malaysia and 32 Comparable Countries Worldwide,” Health Services Research, 2012; 47(2): 865-87.

Ruger JP, and Lazar CM*. “Economic Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention Programs in Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review,” Addictive Behaviors, 2012; 37(1): 1-10.

Nguyen KT*, Khuat OTH, Ma S, Pham DC, Khuat GTH, and Ruger JP. “Coping with Health Care Expenses Among Poor Households: Evidence from a Rural Commune in Vietnam,” Social Science & Medicine, 2012; 74(5): 724-33.

Nguyen KT*, Khuat OTH, Ma S, Pham DC, Khuat GTH, and Ruger JP. “Impact of Health Insurance on Health Care Treatment and Cost in Vietnam: A Health Capability Approach to Financial Protection,” American Journal of Public Health, 2012; 102(8): 1450-61.

Ruger JP, Abdallah AB, Luekens C, and Cottler L. “Cost-Effectiveness of Peer-Delivered Interventions for Cocaine and Alcohol Abuse Among Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” PLoS One, 2012; 7(3): e33594.

Ruger JP, Lewis LM, and Richter CJ*. “Patterns and Factors Associated with Intensive Utilization of Emergency Department Services: Implications for Allocating Resources,” American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2012; 30(9): 1884-94.

Ruger JP. “An Alternative Framework for Analyzing Financial Protection in Health,” PLoS Medicine, 2012; 9(8): e1001294.

Nguyen KT*, Khuat OTH, Ma S, Pham DC, Khuat GTH, and Ruger JP. “Effect of Health Expenses on Household Capabilities and Resource Allocation in a Rural Commune in Vietnam,” PLoS One, 2012; 7(10): e47423.

Ruger JP, Chawarski M, Mazlan M, Ng NY, and Schottenfeld R. “Cost-Effectiveness of Buprenorphine and Naltrexone Treatments for Heroin Dependence in Malaysia,” PLoS One, 2012; 7(12): e50673.

Ruger JP. “Global Health Justice and Governance,” American Journal of Bioethics, 2012; 12(12): 35-54.

Ruger JP. “A Global Health Constitution for Global Health Governance,” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law), April 2013; 107: 267-70.

Ruger JP. “International Institutional Legitimacy and the World Health Organization,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2014; 68(8): 697-700.

Ruger JP. “The World Bank and Global Health: Time For a Renewed Focus on Health Policy,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2014; 68(1): 1-2.

Ruger JP, Abdallah AB, Ng NY, Luekens C, and Cottler L. “Cost-Effectiveness of Interventions to Prevent HIV and STDs Among Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” AIDS and Behavior, 2014; 18(10): 1913-23.

Xu X, Yonkers KA, and Ruger JP. “Costs of a Motivational Enhancement Therapy Coupled with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Versus Brief Advice for Pregnant Substance Users,” PLoS One, 2014; 9(4): e95264.

Annas GJ, Ruger TW, and Ruger JP. “Money, Sex, and Religion – The Supreme Court’s ACA Sequel,” New England Journal of Medicine, 2014; 371: 862-6.

Feldman CH*, Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, and Ruger JP.  “Women’s Political Participation and Health: A Health Capability Study in Rural India,” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 2014; 40(1): 101-164.

Ruger JP. “Good Medical Ethics, Justice and Provincial Globalism,” Journal of Medical Ethics, 2015; 41(1): 103-6.

Pallas SW*, Nonvignon J, Aikins M, and Ruger JP. “Responses to Donor Proliferation in Ghana's Health Sector: A Qualitative Case Study,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2015; 93(1): 11-8.

Pallas SW*, Khuat THO, Le QD, and Ruger JP. “The Changing Donor Landscape in Health Sector Aid to Vietnam: A Qualitative Case Study,” Social Science & Medicine, 2015; 132: 165-172.

Ruger JP. “Ethics of Development Assistance for Health,” Hastings Center Report, 2015; 45(3):23-26.

Forray A*, Merry B, Lin H, Ruger JP, and Yonkers KA. “Perinatal Substance Use: A Prospective Evaluation of Abstinence and Relapse,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2015; 150: 147-155.

Ruger JP, Ruger TW, and Annas GJ, “The Elusive Right to Health Care under U.S. Law,” New England Journal of Medicine, 2015; 372(26): 2558-63.

Ruger JP. “Governing for the Common Good,” Health Care Analysis, 2015; 23(4):341-51.

Ruger JP. Hammonds R, Ooms G, Barry D, Chapman A, and Van Damme W. “From Conceptual Pluralism to Practical Agreement on Policy: Global Responsibility and the Case for a Global Fund for Health,” BMC International Health and Human Rights, 2015; 15: 30-36.

DiStefano M*, and Ruger JP. “Reflective Solidarity as to Provincial Globalism and Shared Health Governance,” Diametros, 2015; 46: 151-158.

Ruger JP. “Health Economics and Ethics and the Health Capability Paradigm,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2015; 16(4): 1-18.

Ruger JP, and Mitra S. “Health, Disability and the Capability Approach: An Introduction,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2015; 16(4): 473-482.

Gable L, Dhai A, Marten R, Meier BM*, and Ruger JP. “Global Health Governance and A Framework Convention on Global Health,” Global Health Governance, 2015; 9(1): 3-6.

Ruger JP. “The Health Capability Paradigm and the Right to Health Care in the United States,” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 2016; 37(4): 275-92.

Ruger JP, and Reiff, M. “A Checklist for the Conduct, Reporting and Appraisal of Micro-costing Studies in Health Care: Protocol Development,” JMIR Research Protocols, 2016; 5(4): e195.

Pallas S*, and Ruger JP. “Does Donor Proliferation in Development Aid for Health Affect Health Service Delivery and Population Health?  Cross-Country Regression Analysis from 1995-2010,” Health Policy & Planning, 2017; 32(4): 493-503.

Pallas S*, and Ruger JP. “Effects of Donor Proliferation in Health Sector Aid on Health Program Performance: A Review and Conceptual Framework,” Social Science & Medicine, 2017; 175: 177-86.

Xu X, Yonkers KA, and Ruger JP. “Economic Evaluation of a Behavioral Intervention for Substance Use Treatment versus Brief Advice for Substance Use Treatment in Pregnant Women: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial,” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2017; 17: 83.

Loree A, Garlepy AM*, Ruger JP, and Yonkers KA. “Postpartum Contraceptive use and Rapid Repeat Pregnancy Among Women who use Substances,” Substance Use & Misuse, 2018; 53(1): 162-9. 

Shawar YR*, and Ruger JP. "The World Bank and The The Right to Health: A Study of the Institution’s Rights-Based Discourse," Global Health Governance, 2018; 7(1): 87-105.


*Denotes student, fellow or research assistant author

Safran DG, and Ruger JPThe Massachusetts Health Care Industry: Pathways to the Future (Task Force on the Health Care Industry Governor’s Council on Economic Growth and Technology), Boston, MA: The Health Institute, 1994.

Ruger JP, Malaney P, Jamison DT, and Bloom DE. Health, Health Policy, and Economic Outcomes. Final Report for Health and Development Satellite, World Health Organization Director-General Transition Team, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 12 August 1998.

Schieber GJ, Ruger JP, Klingen N, Pierre-Louis AM, and Driss ZE. Morocco Health Financing Brief,Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1999.  

Ruger JP, Jamison DT, and Bloom DE. “Health and the Economy,” In M. Merson, R. Black, and A. Mills (Eds.), International Public Health: Diseases, Programs, Systems, and Policies, Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers, Inc., 2001: 617-66.

Ruger JP, Jamison DT, Bloom DE, and Canning D. “Health and the Economy,” In M. Merson, R. Black, and A. Mills (Eds.), International Public Health: Diseases, Programs, Systems, and Policies, 2nd EditionSudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2006: 601-48.

Ruger JP. “Equity and Justice,” In M. Marinker (Ed.), Constructive Conversations About Health: Policy and Values, Abingdon, U.K.: Radcliffe Publishing, 2006: 41-50.

Committee on the U.S. Commitment to Global Health (Ruger JP, Global Health Governance Panel Member). The U.S. Commitment to Global Health: Recommendations for the Public and Private Sectors, Institute of Medicine (IOM), Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.

Committee on Planning the Assessment/Evaluation of Programs Implemented Under the U.S. Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008 (Ruger JP, Committee Member). Strategic Approach to the Evaluation of Programs Implemented Under The Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde U.S. Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008. Institute of Medicine (IOM), Washington D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2010.

Ruger JP, Jamison DT, Bloom DE, and Canning D. “Health and the Economy,” In M. Merson,   R. Black, and A. Mills (Eds.), Global Health: Diseases, Programs, Systems, and Policies, 3rd EditionBurlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2012: 757-814.

Ruger JP. “Global Health Justice,” In D. Hicks and T. Williamson (Eds.), Leadership and Global Justice, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012: 113-29.

Ruger JP. “Global Health Governance as Shared Health Governance,” In I.G. Cohen (Ed.), The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues, Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2013: 381-402.

Ng NY and Ruger JP. “Ethics and Social Value Judgments in Public Health,” In A.J. Culyer (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health Economics, Vol. 1, San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 2014: 287-91.

Ng NY and Ruger JP. “Global Justice,” In B. Jennings (Ed.), Bioethics, 4th Edition, Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan Reference USA, 2014: 1353-62.

U.S. National Cancer Institute and World Health Organization (Ruger JP, contributing author). The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control, Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute; and Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2016.

Ruger JP. “Global Health Inequalities and Justice,” In M. Buchbinder, M. Rivkin-Fish, and R.L. Walker (Eds.), Understanding Health Inequalities and Justice: New Conversations Across the Disciplines, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2016.

McCoy M*, Schmidt H, Ruger JP, and Danis M. “The Role of Public Engagement in Priority Setting,” In O. Norheim, E. Emanuel, D. Jamison, K. Johansson, J. Millum, T. Ottersen, J.P. Ruger, and S. Verguet (Eds.), Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost Effectiveness, Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, in press.

Shawar YR*, and Ruger JP. “The World Bank: Contested Institutional Progress in Rights-Based Health Discourse,” In B.M. Meier and L.O. Gostin (Eds.), Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World, Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, in press.