GLOBAL HEALTH JUSTICE AND GOVERNANCE
Developing a normative theory and the respective roles of global and state actors, law and policy, in addressing global health inequalities and externalities. Developing the idea of provincial globalism (PG), grounded in capability theory, to offer a foundation for global health justice to guide implementation. In depth analysis of current global justice and governance theories. Advancing a global health constitution (GHC) to provide guiding principles and objectives, division of labor and functions, checks and balances among global health actors, and a framework for integrating global health work.
HEALTH AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
Developing a theoretical framework for analysis of health and healthcare disparities and extending this theoretical framework to investigation through measurement and empirical evaluation of health and healthcare inequalities and a study of what it means for inequalities in health to be unjust. Applying the framework to health policy concerns of access, financing, resource allocation, and the social determinants of health.
GLOBAL HEALTH GOVERNANCE AT A CROSSROADS
Taking stock in global health governance through analysis of major issues, needs, and challenges: (1) persistent GHG problems; (2) different approaches to tackling health challenges (vertical, horizontal, and diagonal); (3) the framing of health (e.g. as a security issue, as a foreign policy issue, as a human rights issue, as a global public good); (4) health’s multi-sectoral connections; (5) neoliberalism and the global economy; (6) global health inequities; (7) local and country ownership and capacity; (8) international law in GHG; (9) research gaps in GHG; (10) role of international institutions in influencing emerging countries' domestic health governance; and (11) ethics of development assistance for health (DAH).
HEALTH SYSTEM FINANCING AND HEALTH AND ECONOMIC WELFARE IN VIETNAM
Three projects: (1) study of the impact of medical expenses on the allocation of household resources among the poor in Vietnam; (2) understanding the demand for, and health and financial impacts of, health insurance in rural Vietnam; and (3) examining the existence and determinants of coping strategies for external health shocks by income status in rural Vietnam.
SHARED HEALTH GOVERNANCE
Developing an analytical framework for understanding health governance with respect to competing claims of justice in health and health care. Integrating and reconciling competing values and principles underlying the development of an alternative health system. Advancing ethical goals, moral responsibilities, and institutional arrangements to aid policymakers in designing and implementing equitable and efficient health policies. Critically appraising the Obama administration's bulletin on essential health benefits that allows states the right to determine what those benefits should be.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF REDUCING HEROIN ADDICTION AND ASSOCIATED HIV RISK IN MALAYSIA:
Two projects: (1) cost and cost-effectiveness analysis of behavioral counseling, naltrexone, and buprenorphine in randomized controlled trial in Malaysia; and (2) cost and cost-effectiveness analyses of counseling and abstinent-contingent take-home buprenorphine in randomized controlled trial in Malaysia.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT AND/or HIV/aids PREVENTION SERVICES FOR WOMEN
Four projects: (1) cost analyses of a motivational enhancement therapy–cognitive behavioral therapy (MET-CBT) compared to brief advice (BA) for drug abuse treatment for pregnant women; (2) cost-effectiveness analyses of interventions vis-à-vis each other in terms of substance use, infant health outcomes, and HIV risk reduction among pregnant women; (3) incremental cost-utility analyses of quality-adjusted life years saved by each intervention arm vis-à-vis each other in terms of substance use and HIV risk reduction among pregnant women; and (4) cost and cost-effectiveness analyses of HIV/AIDS and STD prevention in randomized controlled trial in U.S.
GOVERNANCE OF HIV/AIDS IN MALAWI
Study of the effect of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund’s national poverty reduction strategy process on the resourcing and implementation of the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework in Malawi 2000-2004.
WOMEN’S HEALTH CAPABILITY AND MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH IN INDIA
Study aimed at understanding women’s health capability in the context of a participatory community maternal and child health project in Uttar Pradesh, India.
WORLD BANK AND GLOBAL HEALTH
Institutional analysis of the changing role and impact of the World Bank in global health. Revealing the need for the World Bank to develop a clear plan for global health impact. Studying the ways in which rights-based approaches are incorporated into the World Bank health development discourse.
GLOBAL RESPONSIBILITIES FOR GLOBAL HEALTH RIGHTS
Examining global health institutions from conceptual pluralism to practical agreement on policy. Revealing the need for a Global Fund for Health to replace the current patchwork of global and national social transfers.
EFFECTS OF THE WORLD BANK'S MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH INTERVENTION ON INDONESIA’S POOR: EVALUATING THE SAFE MOTHERHOOD PROJECT (SMP)
Study of infant, child, and maternal health outcomes of Indonesia’s poor before and after introduction of SMP, comparing membership and non-membership in SMP, using a difference-in-difference approach.
POLITICAL ECONOMY OF HEALTH AND HEALTHCARE IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Four projects: (1) examining out-of-pocket health-care spending by the poor and chronically ill in the Republic of Korea; (2) studying the relationship between socioeconomic status, behavioral risk factors, and health inequality in the Republic of Korea; (3) analysis of pharmaceutical reforms in the Republic of Korea and the lessons they provide for developed and developing countries; and (4) examining price elasticity of demand for medical care services in the Korean national medical insurance program.
GLOBAL AND NATIONAL POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF ADDRESSING HEROIN ADDICTION IN 32 COUNTRIES
Cost and policy analysis of addressing heroin addiction in 32 countries worldwide.
HEALTH FINANCING AND INSURANCE REFORM IN MOROCCO
Policy analysis of health financing and insurance reforms in Morocco.
GLOBAL HEALTH INEQUALITIES
International comparison of infant and adult mortality rates and social, economic, and geographic determinants.
IMPACT OF HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY (HAART) ON DISABILITY GRANT STATUS IN SOUTH AFRICA
Study of the impact of the roll out of HAART for persons with AIDS on the disability grant status of households in Khayelitsha, South Africa.
HEALTH, TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY, AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN INDIA
Examining the effects of improved population health on technical efficiency in agricultural production in Indian districts.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF SMOKING CESSATION
Three projects: (1) cost and cost-effectiveness analyses of outreach motivational interviewing for smoking cessation and relapse prevention in randomized controlled trial among low-income pregnant women in U.S.; (2) systematic review of smoking cessation and relapse prevention programs for women during and after pregnancy; and (3) assessment of empirical evidence from economic evaluations of pharmaco- and behavioral therapies for smoking cessation.
EQUITY AND EFFICIENCY IN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT UTILIZATION
Four projects: (1) the significance and profile of frequent users of the ED; (2) the use and misuse of emergency medical services (ambulances) by ED patients; (3) improving triage and resource allocation; and (4) borderline urgent or emergent conditions presenting to the ED.
Development of, and critically appraising, micro-costing methodology and standardization to improve the accuracy and transparency of health cost estimates.
Donor Landscape and proliferation
Two projects: (1) understanding the responses to, and effects of, donor proliferation in the health sector; and (2) studying the impact of changing donor landscape of health sector aid to countries transitioning from low- to middle-income.
Root Cause analysis
Analyzing the root causes of a public health case study (Speaker case of XDR-TB) to pinpoint the underlying causal relationships associated with this global health problem and proposing recommendations for preventing the recurrence of similar global infectious agents.